A Guideline to Natural Stone Ground Tiles

Stone has been utilized for flooring for many years in public buildings and places of worship palaces, royal residences, and grand homes because of its beauty and strength. Typical examples of natural stone are limestone, granite, slate and marble and they are all carved out from rock that was quarry-cut. The process of quarrying and carving the stone is a labor-intensive procedure that has been for thousands of years carried out by hand. More recently technological advances have meant that the process can be automated with the use of advanced tools . The result of that is that natural stone tiles are substantially less expensive. While there are still traditional artisans who cut and polish stone using their hands.

Quarries of natural stones, both ancient and modern, can be found in many parts of the globe, from Europe up to India, Asia and North America.

How do Natural Stone Tiles Made?

Large chunks of rock are first cut from the earth using the use of explosives or diamond cutting equipment, depending on the nature and quality of rock and the location of the rock. These large blocks of rock are cut into smaller slabs with various thickness with high-speed saws. The slabs are then polished by machines to create different surfaces ranging from rough to ultra-smooth. Each slab is then cut into smaller sizes that are suitable for wall and floor tiles using special water-cooled saws and polished to perfection before being ready for the consumer.

Why should you choose Natural Stone?

Natural stone tiles are available in a variety of styles, colours and finishes, from sleek contemporary limestone to classic slate or rustic marble so can suit any type of interior. They're both stunning and unique because, as natural stone the tiles are not going to be the same, meaning that your space can have an identity all of its unique. The finish is particularly important since it creates a very different look even with the same stone from an identical quarry.

Typical Natural Stone Types For Tiles

Travertineis a limestone type with a honeycomb-like structure and numerous surface indentations. These dents may be filled in with resin for a smooth surface or left unfilled to create a textured surface. The colors range from light creams to deep reddish browns.

Limestoneis created when seashells get buried in the sediment. This, eventually hardens into sedimentary rock, so fossilized shells are common. Colours range from cream and golden brown.

Graniteis an igneous stone, and is a very hard stone that makes it extremely durable. it comes in an enormous array of vivid colors and is widely used in the home for kitchen worktops as well as flooring.

Marbleis familiar to all of us through the classic buildings in Rome and Greece and the many famous Italian sculptures. It comes in a range of colours, often with contrasting veining but the darker marbles are not suitable for areas with water due to their porosity.

Slateis composed of clay, quartz and shale. It has a rustic appearance due to its natural layered appearance. Since it is resistant to water, it is often used as floor tiles, but is also used for patio tiles and roof tiles.

Natural Stone Finishes

Polishedfor a glossy shine which might require regular maintenance to preserve the shine.

Honedfor a matt or satin finish which has a higher resistance to scratches and requires little care.

Acid-washedfor an aged appearance that exposes the crystal structure inside the stone and is highly scratch-resistant..

Flamedfor roughness that is perfect where a non-slip surface is required -created with a blowtorch on the stone until the crystals of the surface explode.

Tumbledfor smooth, but slightly pitted surface that has uneven edges for a raw, natural finish typically used for small tiles and decorative border tiles.

Brushedfor an aged look ideal for work on restoration in old buildings. It is created by rubbing the tile's surface wil metal brushes.

Tile manufacturers now produce porcelain tiles that feature a natural stone effect and also stone tiles manufactured composed of natural stone chips suspended in resin or cement, but even the best quality porcelain floor tiles can't compare to the distinctive design and feel of natural stone floor tiles.

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